Observation of Preferential Pathways for Oxygen Removal through Porous Transport Layers of Polymer Electrolyte Water Electrolyzers

Observation of Preferential Pathways for Oxygen Removal through Porous Transport Layers of Polymer Electrolyte Water Electrolyzers

TitleObservation of Preferential Pathways for Oxygen Removal through Porous Transport Layers of Polymer Electrolyte Water Electrolyzers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsPongsarun Satjaritanun, Maeve O'Brien, Devashish Kulkarni, Sirivatch Shimpalee, Cristopher Capuano, Katherine E Ayers, Nemanja Danilovic, Dilworth Y Parkinson, Iryna V Zenyuk
JournaliScience
Volume23
Issue12
Pagination101783
Date Published11/2020
ISSN25890042
Abstract

Understanding the relationships between porous transport layer (PTL) morphology and oxygen removal is essential to improve the polymer electrolyte water electrolyzer (PEWE) performance. Operando X-ray computed tomography and machine learning were performed on a model electrolyzer at different water flow rates and current densities to determine how these operating conditions alter oxygen transport in the PTLs. We report a direct observation of oxygen taking preferential pathways through the PTL, regardless of the water flow rate or current density (1-4 A/cm2). Oxygen distribution in the PTL had a periodic behavior with period of 400 μm. A computational fluid dynamics model was used to predict oxygen distribution in the PTL showing periodic oxygen front. Observed oxygen distribution is due to low in-plane PTL tortuosity and high porosity enabling merging of oxygen bubbles in the middle of the PTL and also due to aerophobicity of the layer.

DOI10.1016/j.isci.2020.101783
Short TitleiScience
Refereed DesignationRefereed