Introducing IEA EBC Annex 79: Key challenges and opportunities in the field of occupant-centric building design and operation

Introducing IEA EBC Annex 79: Key challenges and opportunities in the field of occupant-centric building design and operation

TitleIntroducing IEA EBC Annex 79: Key challenges and opportunities in the field of occupant-centric building design and operation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsWilliam O’Brien, Andreas Wagner, Marcel Schweiker, Ardeshir Mahdavi, Julia Day, Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard, Salvatore Carlucci, Bing Dong, Farhang Tahmasebi, Da Yan, Tianzhen Hong, H. Burak Gunay, Zoltan Nagy, Clayton Miller, Christiane Berger
JournalBuilding and Environment
Pagination106738
Date Published05/2020
ISSN03601323
KeywordsBehaviour, building design, building operation, Human behavior, indoor environmental quality, Occupants
Abstract

Despite the fact that buildings are designed for occupants in principle, evidence suggests buildings are often uncomfortable compared to the requirements of standards; difficult to control by occupants; and, operated inefficiently with regards to occupants' preferences and presence. Meanwhile, practitioners – architects, engineers, technology companies, building managers and operators, and policymakers – lack the knowledge, tools, and precedent to design and operate buildings optimally considering the complex and diverse nature of occupants. Building on the success of IEA EBC Annex 66 ("Definition and simulation of occupant behavior in buildings"; 2013-2017), a follow-up IEA EBC Annex 79 ("Occupantcentric building design and operation"; 2018-2023) has been developed to address gaps in knowledge, practice, and technology. Annex 79 involves international researchers from diverse disciplines like engineering, architecture, computer science, psychology, and sociology. Annex 79 and this review paper have four main areas of focus: (1) multi-domain environmental exposure, building interfaces, and human behavior; (2) data-driven occupant modeling strategies and digital tools; (3) occupant-centric building design; and (4) occupant-centric building operation. The objective of this paper is to succinctly report on the leading research of the above topics and articulate the most pressing research needs – planned to be addressed by Annex 79 and beyond.

DOI10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.106738
Short TitleBuilding and Environment