Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

TitleApplication of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMichael Stadler, Jonathan Donadee, Chris Marnay, Gonçalo Mendes, Jan von Appen, Olivier Mégel, Prajesh Bhattacharya, Nicholas DeForest, Judy Lai
Conference NameECEEE Summer Study, June 6-11, 2011
Date Published06/2011
PublisherLBNL
Conference LocationBelambra Presqu'île de Giens, France
Keywordselectricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department
Abstract

In an effort to create broad access to its optimization software, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), in collaboration with the University of California at Davis (UC Davis) and OSISoft, has recently developed a Software as a Service (SaaS) Model for reducing energy costs, cutting peak power demand, and reducing carbon emissions for multipurpose buildings. UC Davis currently collects and stores energy usage data from buildings on its campus. Researchers at LBNL sought to demonstrate that a SaaS application architecture could be built on top of this data system to optimize the scheduling of electricity and heat delivery in the building. The SaaS interface, known as WebOpt, consists of two major parts: a) the investment & planning and b) the operations module, which builds on the investment & planning module. The operational scheduling and load shifting optimization models within the operations module use data from load prediction and electrical grid emissions models to create an optimal operating schedule for the next week, reducing peak electricity consumption while maintaining quality of energy services. LBNL's application also provides facility managers with suggested energy infrastructure investments for achieving their energy cost and emission goals based on historical data collected with OSISoft's system. This paper describes these models as well as the SaaS architecture employed by LBNL researchers to provide asset scheduling services to UC Davis. The peak demand, emissions, and cost implications of the asset operation schedule and investments suggested by this optimization model are analysed.

LBNL Report Number

LBNL-4860E