|Title||Zinc electrode cycle-life performance in alkaline electrolytes having reduced zinc species solubility|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1985|
|Authors||James T Nichols, Frank R McLarnon, Elton J Cairns|
|Journal||Chemical Engineering Communications|
Electrolytes having 3.5 M hydroxide-ion concentration were tested in 1.35 Ah Zn/NiOOH cells to evaluate their ability to reduce the extent of zinc species migration and slow the rate of cell capacity decline. Alkaline-fluoride and alkaline-borate electrolytes, in which ZnO solubility is approximately 25° of that in standard 7.4 M KOH electrolyte, exhibited 0.09-0.14°/cycle zinc-electrode area loss, which may be compared to a value of 0.46°/cycle observed in standard electrolyte, In addition, no zinc penetration of the separator occurred in cells that employed alkaline-fluoride and alkaline-borate electrolytes, even when zinc-electrode overpotcntials reached 290 mV at the end of charge. Less than 2° of the zinc remaining after cycling was electrochemically inactive.