Thermal Treatment of La0.6Ca0.4CoO3 Perovskites for Bifunctional Air Electrodes

Thermal Treatment of La0.6Ca0.4CoO3 Perovskites for Bifunctional Air Electrodes

TitleThermal Treatment of La0.6Ca0.4CoO3 Perovskites for Bifunctional Air Electrodes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsChurl Kyoung Lee, Kathryn A Striebel, Frank R McLarnon, Elton J Cairns
JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
Volume144
Issue11
Pagination3801-3806
ISSN00134651
Keywordsalkaline fuel cells, catalysts, cobalt compounds, electrochemical electrodes, lanthanum compounds
Abstract

The perovskite La0.6Ca0.4CoO3 has been of interest as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for the bifunctional air electrode. The calcination and subsequent cooling steps in the amorphous citrate precursor (ACP) process have been optimized to prepare La0.6Ca0.4CoO3 powders with high surface area, and consequently improved electrocatalytic performance in an air electrode. The surface area of the final powder depends on the thermal treatment and the surface area increases with increasing the cooling rate. A sample quenched rapidly from 650°C had a surface area of 33 m2/g, which is more than double the value obtained with a slower cooling rate. Polytetrafluorene-ethylene (PTFE) bonded gas diffusion electrodes loaded with La0.6Ca0.4CoO3 catalysts prepared by the ACP method show good bifunctional performance. An electrode loaded with only 10 mg/cm2 of powder prepared by quenching from 650°C showed the best bifunctional performance, i.e., 280 mA/cm2 for oxygen reduction and 300 mA/cm3 for the oxygen evolution, at 0.6 and 1.6 V vs. RHE, respectively. This performance compares well with results from lower area La0.6Ca0.4CoO3 at much higher loadings.

DOI10.1149/1.1838095
Short TitleJ. Electrochem. Soc.