Reconsidering Barriers to Wind Power Projects: Community Engagement, Developer Transparency and Place

Reconsidering Barriers to Wind Power Projects: Community Engagement, Developer Transparency and Place

TitleReconsidering Barriers to Wind Power Projects: Community Engagement, Developer Transparency and Place
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsJeremy Firestone, Ben Hoen, Joseph Rand, Debi Elliott, Gundula Hübner, Johannes Pohl
JournalJournal of Environmental Policy & Planning
Pagination1-17
Date Published12/2017
ISSN1523-908X
Keywordsfair process, public attitudes, public perceptions, transparency, wind power
Abstract

In 2016, we undertook a nationally representative wind power perceptions survey of individuals living within 8 km of over 600 projects in the United States, generating 1705 telephone, web, and mail responses. We sought information on a variety of topics, including procedural fairness and its relationship to project attitude, the foci of the present analysis. We present a series of descriptive statistics and regression results, emphasizing those residents who were aware of their local project prior to construction. Sample weighting is employed to account for stratification and non-response. We find that a developer being open and transparent, a community being able to influence the outcome, and having a say in the planning process are all statistically significant predictors of a process perceived as being ‘fair,’ with an open and transparent developer having the largest effect. We also find developer transparency and ability to influence outcomes to have statistically significant relationships to a more positive attitude, with those findings holding when aesthetics, landscape, and wind turbine sound considerations are controlled for. The results indicate that jurisdictions might consider developing procedures, which ensure citizens are consulted and heard, and benchmarks or best practices for developer interaction with communities and citizens.

Notes

This is a pre-print of an article published in Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning The journal article version of this report is available at the following link: https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2017.1418656A link to the webinar recorded on February 13, 2018, can be found here.This project is part of a broader set of projects under the National Survey of Attitudes of Wind Power Project Neighbors which are summarized here

DOI10.1080/1523908X.2017.1418656
Short TitleJournal of Environmental Policy & Planning