Oxidation of porous stainless steel supports for metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells
Oxidation behavior of porous P434L ferritic stainless steel, used for the fabrication of metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells (MS-SOFC), is studied under anodic and cathodic atmospheres. Temperature- and atmosphere-dependence is determined for as-sintered and pre-oxidized stainless steel. Pre-oxidation reduced the long-term oxidation rate. For pre-oxidized samples, the oxidation rate in air exceeds that in humid hydrogen for temperatures above 700 °C. The influence of PrOx, LSCF-SDC, and Ni-SDC coatings is also examined. The coatings do not dramatically impact oxide scale growth. Oxidation in C-free and C-containing anodic atmospheres is similar. Addition of CO2, CH4, and CO to humidified hydrogen to simulate ethanol reformate does not significantly impact oxidation behavior. Cr transpiration in humid air is greatly reduced by the PrOx coating, and a PrCrO3 reaction product is observed throughout the porous structure. A dense and protective chromia-based scale forms on steel samples during oxidation in all conditions. A thin silica enriched oxide layer also forms at the metal-scale interface. In general, the oxidation behavior at 700 °C is found to be acceptable.