Numerical modelling of boiling heat transfer in microchannels

Numerical modelling of boiling heat transfer in microchannels

TitleNumerical modelling of boiling heat transfer in microchannels
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsR. K Sarangi, Anandaroop Bhattacharya, Ravi S Prasher
JournalAppl. Therm. Eng.
Volume29
Pagination300–309
Date Published02/2009
KeywordsAnnular flow, Flow boiling, Homogeneous flow, Microchannels, Non-uniform heating, Pressure drop
Abstract

In this paper we report the results of our modelling studies on two-phase forced convection in microchannels using water as the fluid medium. The study incorporates the effects of fluid flow rate, power input and channel geometry on the flow resistance and heat transfer from these microchannels. Two separate numerical models have been developed assuming homogeneous and annular flow boiling. Traditional assumptions like negligible single-phase pressure drop or fixed inlet pressure have been relaxed in the models making analysis more complex. The governing equations have been solved from the grass-root level to predict the boiling front, pressure drop and thermal resistance as functions of exit pressure and heat input. The results of both the models are compared to each other and with available experimental data. It is seen that the annular flow model typically predicts higher pressure drop compared to the homogeneous model. Finally, the model has also been extended to study the effects of non-uniform heat input along the flow direction. The results show that the non-uniform power map can have a very strong effect on the overall fluid dynamics and heat transfer.

DOI10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2008.02.039