From nanowires to super heat conductors
Thermal transport through various nanowires has attracted extensive attention in the past two decades. Nanowires provide an excellent platform to dissect phonon transport physics because one can change the wire size to impose systematically varying boundary conditions that can help to distinguish the contributions of various scattering mechanisms. Moreover, novel confinement phenomena beyond the classical size effect promise opportunities to achieve highly desirable properties. Based on a summary of research progresses in nanowire thermal properties, we discuss more intriguing observations due to the classical size effect, coupling between mechanical and thermal properties, and divergent thermal conductivity as a result of conversion from three-dimensional to one-dimensional phonon transport, showcasing the superdiffusive thermal transport phenomenon. We hope that these discussions could provide a new perspective on further exploring thermal transport in nanowires, which may eventually lead to breakthroughs such as achieving thermal conductivity values higher than that of any known materials.
Journal of Applied Physics
Year of Publication