Magnesium silicide as a negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries

Magnesium silicide as a negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries

TitleMagnesium silicide as a negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsGregory A Roberts, Elton J Cairns, Jeffrey A Reimer
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume110
Issue2
Pagination424-429
Date Published08/2002
ISSN03787753
KeywordsAnode materials, lithium batteries, Magnesium silicide, Mg2Si
Abstract

Mg2Si was synthesized by mechanically activated annealing and evaluated as a negative electrode material. A maximum discharge capacity of 830 mAh/g was observed by cycling over a wide voltage window of 5–650 mV versus Li, but capacity fade was rapid. Cycling over the range 50–225 mV versus Li produced a stable discharge capacity of approximately 100 mAh/g. X-ray diffraction (XRD) experiments showed that lithium insertion converts Mg2Si into Li2MgSi after lithium intercalation into Mg2Si. Electrochemical evidence of Li–Si reactions indicated that the Li2MgSi structure can be converted to binary lithium alloys with extensive charging.

DOI10.1016/S0378-7753(02)00207-0
Short TitleJournal of Power Sources