The Distribution of Lifetime Cumulative Exposures to Radon for California Residents
The distribution of individual lifetime exposures to radon was estimated using data from studies on radon concentrations, mobility, and time-activity patterns in the state of California. The distributions of radon concentrations in various geographic regions were obtained from the results of year-long radon measurements of 310 residences. The mobility patterns were acquired through a survey of the moving histories of the members of 507 households. The indoor and outdoor time-activity data were collected for 1,780 individuals in 1,596 households. Based on these data, a computer simulation technique was used to estimate the distribution of radon exposures with a parametric (lognormal model) and a nonparametric approach (bootstrap method). The estimated average lifetime exposure for radon was 2,448 Bq.m-3.yr for the lognormal model and 2,487 Bq.m-3.yr for the bootstrap method. The standard deviation was 1,130 and 1,145 Bq.m-3.yr respectively. Assuming no move over the lifetime, the estimated average lifetime exposure to radon was 2,052 Bq.m-3.yr for the lognormal model and 2,078 Bq.m-3.yr for the bootstrap method, while the standard deviation increased to 1,378 Bq.m-3.yr for the lognormal model and 1,514 Bq.m-3.yr for the bootstrap method.