CHAMPS-Multizone—A Combined Heat, Air, Moisture and Pollutant Simulation Environment for Whole-building Performance Analysis

Publication Type

Journal Article

Date Published




A computer simulation tool, named "CHAMPS-Multizone" is introduced in this paper for analyzing both energy and IAQ performance of buildings. The simulation model accounts for the dynamic effects of outdoor climate conditions (solar radiation, wind speed and direction, and contaminant concentrations),building materials and envelope system design, multizone air and contaminant flows in buildings,internal heat and pollutant sources, and operation of the building HVAC systems on the building performance. It enables combined analysis of building energy efficiency and indoor air quality. The model also has the ability to input building geometry data and HVAC system operation related information from software such as SketchUp and DesignBuilder via IDF file format. A "bridge" to access static and dynamic building data stored in a "virtual building" database is also developed, allowing convenient input of initial and boundary conditions for the simulation, and for comparisons between the predicted and measured results. This paper summarizes the mathematical models, adopted assumptions, methods of implementation, and verification and validation results. The needs and challenges for further development are also discussed.


HVAC&R Research



Year of Publication