SEMINAR: Legal Non-compliance in the Groundwater Sector in India: Gaining Nuanced Understanding through a Qualitative Field Study

SEMINAR: Legal Non-compliance in the Groundwater Sector in India: Gaining Nuanced Understanding through a Qualitative Field Study

Seminar Abstract 

For survival and developmental needs, India is critically dependent on its groundwater resources, which are scarce compared to the demand. Despite many policy and legal initiatives, the groundwater availability in India has been reducing drastically, endangering its society and economy. This requires groundwater regulation to be more stringent and effective, however, on the contrary, there is evidence of wide-spread violation of provisions in the current groundwater laws. The typical response from mainstream agencies to such non-compliance is the recommendation of increased penalties and stricter enforcement. On the other side, NGOs and independent experts are proposing voluntary compliance and community-level self regulation. 
 

This presentation is based on the research aimed at investigating the relevance of all these suggestions by gaining nuanced understanding of the reasons underlying the wide-spread non-compliance in the groundwater sector. The research draws from the literature on compliance theories and models. It involved a qualitative field-study in 8 villages from the Indian state of Maharashtra. This presentation shares some insights brought out by the research into the causes underlying the non-compliance. It also discusses the barriers to the above-mentioned recommendations from mainstream agencies and NGOs. The presentation concludes with policy and institutional recommendations based on the nuanced understanding gained through the research. 

Dr. Subodh Wagle is a Professor in Indian Institute Technology (IIT) Bombay India and is associated with Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas and Centre for Policy Studies in IIT Bombay. He has a B Tech in Mechanical Engineering from IIT Bombay and a PhD in Energy and Environmental Policy from the University of Delaware, USA. Before joining IIT Bombay, he served at Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India as a Professor and the Founding Dean of School of Habitat Studies. He also taught at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Policy at the University of Delaware. Previously, he worked at PRAYAS, an independent policy analysis group in India. He is still associated with PRAYAS as a Trustee. The areas of his work include the fields of energy and electricity policy, water policy and regulation, disaster management policy, and sustainable development models. The focus of his current research is: Policy and Institutional Analysis of Last-Mile Problems in Infrastructure and Public Services Sectors.

Seminar Speaker(s) 

Subodh Wagle
Guest Faculty,

Dr. Subodh Wagle is a Professor in Indian Institute Technology (IIT) Bombay India and is associated with Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas and Centre for Policy Studies in IIT Bombay. He has a B Tech in Mechanical Engineering from IIT Bombay and a PhD in Energy and Environmental Policy from the University of Delaware, USA. Before joining IIT Bombay, he served at Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India as a Professor and the Founding Dean of School of Habitat Studies. He also taught at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Policy at the University of Delaware. Previously, he worked at PRAYAS, an independent policy analysis group in India. He is still associated with PRAYAS as a Trustee. The areas of his work include the fields of energy and electricity policy, water policy and regulation, disaster management policy, and sustainable development models. The focus of his current research is: Policy and Institutional Analysis of Last-Mile Problems in Infrastructure and Public Services Sectors.

Date 

Jun 25, 2018 -
12:00pm to 1:00pm

Location 

90-1099

Host