ITRI-Rosenfeld Seminar: Regional Water Implications of Evolving Energy Portfolios in the United States and China
It is estimated that more than 50 billion cubic meters of fresh water is consumed annually for global energy production, with the United States (U.S.) and China serving as the top two consumers. As populations increase and the energy sectors expand, energy production technologies will determine future burdens on regional water resources. This talk outlines proposed research, in three tasks, detailing energy transitions necessary to meet global, national, and local climate initiatives, with a particular focus on water footprints of energy production (WCEP) for the U.S. and China. Task 1 synthesizes the global, national, and local climate initiatives that will inform energy technology transitions. Task 2 involves developing capacity expansion models and combining outputs with water consumption factors to estimate water consumption for the baseline and proposed transitions. Finally, Task 3 includes sensitivity analyses and a case study of Northern California to analyze the potential changes in infrastructure and water demand. This proposal builds on my current dissertation research, which explores energy transitions from behavioral and technical perspectives to inform behaviorally realistic policies that optimize private and social benefit.
PhD Candidate, Carnegie Mellon University
Nichole Hanus is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University. Her research employs behavioral decision sciences and engineering analysis to characterize commercial building energy efficiency investments and the societal costs and benefits of distributed generation. Nichole is an NSF Graduate Research Fellow and spent the last summer as a guest student assistant at LBNL in the Building Technology and Urban Systems Division.