Applying Gandhian Principles for Energy Sustainability and Mitigating Climate Change
Today’s world is at the crossroads of a contradictory energy scenario wherein, on the one hand, energy access has to be provided to billions while, on the other hand, increasing demand and usage of energy is causing catastrophic climate change. As per IPCC report 2018, the world is already hotter by nearly 1°C and that “limiting global warming to 1.5°C would require “rapid and far-reaching” transition in energy. In the context, Solar Urja through Localization for Sustainability (SoULS) initiative of IIT Bombay provides appropriate solutions for energy sustainability. The advancement in solar technology together with cost reduction, makes it possible to localize solar energy generation and consumption where local communities take care of assembly, supply, repairs and even manufacturing of solar products. An idea in line with Gandhian philosophy of "self-reliance" and "swaraj". In this regard, the idea of Energy Swaraj can be conceptualized, wherein communities consume and generate their own energy needs.
Professor, Indian Institute of Technology
Dr. Chetan Singh Solanki, a Professor at the Department of Energy Science and Engineering, IIT Bombay is also an educator, innovator, educator, researcher, entrepreneur, author and philosopher, known for his work in the solar sector. He is currently leading two projects on the dissemination of affordable solar technology, one at the National Center for Photovoltaic Research and Education (NCPRE), funded by the Government of India, and one at the Solar Urja through Localization for Sustainability (SoULS) project at IIT Bombay, which aims to provide solar study lamp to every child in rural India as part of its ‘Right to Light’ mission.He received his Ph.D. from IMEC (Ketholik University) Leuven, Belgium.