Nano- and Mesoscale Ion and Water Transport in Perfluorosulfonic-Acid Membranes

Nano- and Mesoscale Ion and Water Transport in Perfluorosulfonic-Acid Membranes

TitleNano- and Mesoscale Ion and Water Transport in Perfluorosulfonic-Acid Membranes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAndrew R Crothers, Clayton J Radke, Adam Z Weber
JournalECS Transactions
Volume80
Issue8
Pagination593 - 604
Date Published12/2018
ISSN1938-6737
Abstract

Water and aqueous cations transport along multiple length scales in perfluorosulfonic-acid membranes. Molecular interactions in hydrophilic domains dictate nanoscale resistances while the connectivity of domains controls mesoscale transport. The developed multiscale models probes the synergy of these length scales. Concentrated solution theory and electrokinetics are used to predict transport in the aqueous domains as a function of hydration. A resistor network upscales the nanoscale properties to predict effective membrane ion and water transport and their coupling. The nature of macroscopic and nanoscale properties differs drastically because the mesoscale network mediates transport. Moreover, the effective tortuosity and connectivity is not the same for water and ion transport. The methodology and findings highlight improvement opportunities for membrane performance.

DOI10.1149/08008.0593ecst
Short TitleECS Trans.
Refereed DesignationUnknown