|Title||Leapfrogging to Electric and Smart Vehicles: Key Challenges and Opportunities|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Keywords||electric vehicles, indonesia, SE Asia|
Presented at the Indonesia Energy Efficiency and Conservation Conference & Exhibition (IEECCE) September 2018: Emerging economies have a unique transportation leapfrogging opportunity as 80% of the vehicles that will exist by 2030-2035 are yet to be purchased. This presentation discusses how national policies can help electric vehicle manufacturing reach scale and lower costs.