Culture, conformity, and carbon? A multi-country analysis of heating and cooling practices in office buildings

Culture, conformity, and carbon? A multi-country analysis of heating and cooling practices in office buildings

TitleCulture, conformity, and carbon? A multi-country analysis of heating and cooling practices in office buildings
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsChien-fei Chen, Tianzhen Hong, Gerardo Zarazua de Rubens, Selin Yilmaz, Karol Bandurski, Zsófia Deme Bélafi, Marilena De Simone, Mateus Vinícius Bavaresco, Yu Wang, Pei-ling Liu, Verena M Barthelmes, Jacqueline Adams, Simona D'Oca, Łukasz Przybylski
JournalEnergy Research & Social Science
Volume61
Pagination101344
Date PublishedJan-03-2020
ISSN22146296
Abstract

This study investigates human-building interaction in office spaces across multiple countries including Brazil, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, the United States, and Taiwan. We analyze social-psychological, contextual, and demographic factors to explain cross-country differences in adaptive thermal actions (i.e. cooling and heating behaviors) and conformity to the norms of sharing indoor environmental control features, an indicator of energy consumption. Specifically, personal adjustments such as putting on extra clothes are generally preferred over technological solutions such as adjusting thermostats in reaction to thermal discomfort. Social-psychological factors including attitudes, perceived behavioral control, injunctive norms, and perceived impact of indoor environmental quality on work productivity influence occupants’ intention to conform to the norms of sharing environmental control features. Lastly, accessibility to environmental control features, office type, gender, and age are also important factors. These findings demonstrate the roles of social-psychological and certain contextual factors in occupants’
interactions with building design as well as their behavior of sharing environmental control features, both of which significantly influence building energy consumption, and thus, broader decarbonization.

DOI10.1016/j.erss.2019.101344
Short TitleEnergy Research & Social Science