Coupling continuum and pore-network models for polymer-electrolyte fuel cells

Coupling continuum and pore-network models for polymer-electrolyte fuel cells

TitleCoupling continuum and pore-network models for polymer-electrolyte fuel cells
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsIryna V Zenyuk, Ezequiel F Medici, Jeffrey S Allen, Adam Z Weber
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume40
Issue46
Pagination16831 - 16845
Date Published12/2015
ISSN03603199
KeywordsContinuum model, gas-diffusion layer, modeling, Polymer-electrolyte fuel cells, Pore-network model, Water management
Abstract

Three novel iterative methodologies for coupling continuum and pore-network models (PNM) applied to polymer-electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) are presented. The modeling framework developed in this work merges the advantages of a continuum model, such as computational time, ease of implementation, and complicated physics, with those of relatively novel PNMs, such as discrete information on water-front location and distribution. The outputs generated by the PNM are fed into the continuum model to compute electrochemical reaction rates and associated heat and mass fluxes. Out of three presented coupling methodologies, the most effective coupling is identified to be where locally-resolved effective diffusivity, thermal conductivity, and liquid permeability are computed with the PNM and fed into the continuum model and the fluxes from continuum model fed back into the PNM in an iterative scheme until solution convergence is reached. The described method is computationally efficient with stable convergence of less than five iterations. The proposed algorithms can be applied to multiple computational platforms and PEFC and related model architectures.

DOI10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.08.009
Short TitleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Refereed DesignationRefereed