Elton J. Cairns: Publications

Elton J. Cairns: Publications

288.     Elton J. Cairns and Yoon Hwa, Sulfur Cathode, in Li-S Batteries, R. Demir-Cakan, ed., Imperial College Press, London, 2017

287.     Jun-chao Zheng, Ya-dong Han, Dan Sun, Bao Zhang, Elton J. Cairns, In situ-formed LiVOPO4@V2O5 core-shell nanospheres as a cathode material for lithium-ion cells, Energy Storage Materials,  7, (2017), 48–55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2016.12.003

286.   Guixin Wang, Hanchang Knag, Miao Chen, Kangping Yan, Xueshan Hu, Elton J. Cairns, Effects of Solvents on the Electrochemical Performance of LiFePO4/C Composite Electrodes, ChemElectroChem 4(2) 376-385 (2017);10.1002/celc.201600525

285.     Peter D. Frischmann, Yoon Hwa, Elton J. Cairns, and Brett A. Helms, Redox-Active Supramolecular Polymer Binders for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries that Adapt their Transport Properties In Operando, Chem. Mater. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03013

284.     Yun Zhao, Wen Zhu, George Z. Chen, Elton J. Cairns, Polypyrrole/TiO2 nanotube arrays with coaxial heterogeneous structure as sulfur hosts for lithium sulfur batteries, Journal of Power Sources 327 (2016) 447e456, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.07.082 

283.     Kisoo Yoo, Min-Kyu Song, Elton J. Cairns, Prashanta Dutta, Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Performance Characteristics of Lithium/Sulfur Cells, Electrochimica Acta 213 (2016) 174–185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2016.07.110

282.     Dan Sun, Yoon Hwa, Yue Shen, Yunhui Huang, Elton J. Cairns, Li2S Nano Spheres Anchored to Single-layered Graphene as a High-performance Cathode Material for Lithium/Sulfur Cells, Nano Energy 26 (2016) 524–532, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.05.033

281.     Yifan Ye, Ayako Kawase, Min-Kyu Song, Bingmei Feng, Yi-Sheng Liu, MatthewA. Marcus, Jun Feng, Hai-Tao Fang, Elton J. Cairns, Junfa Zhu, and Jinghua Guo, X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Characterization of the Synthesis Process: Revealing the Interactions in Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide- Modified Sulfur-Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites, J Phys Chem C, 120(19) 10111-10117 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b00751

280.     Soojeong Kim, Zhengxi Zhang, Senlin Wang, Li Yang, Elton J. Cairns, James E Penner-Hahn, and Aniruddha Deb, Electrochemical and Structural Investigation of the Mechanism of Irreversibility in Li3V2(PO)3 Cathodes, J Phys Chem C, 2016, 120, 7005-7012; DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b00408 (March 2016).

279.     Yifan Ye, Ayako Kawase, Min-Kyu Song, Bingmei Feng, Yi-Sheng Liu, Matthew A. Marcus, Jun Feng, Elton J. Cairns, Jinghua Guo, and Junfa Zhu, X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Characterization of a Li/S Cell, Nanomaterials (2016), 6, 12; doi:10.3390/nano6010014

278.     Icpyo Kim, Chang Hyeon Kim, Sun hwa Choi, Jae-Pyoung Ahn, Jou-Hyeon Ahn, Ki-Won Kim, Elton J. Cairns, Hyo-Jun Ahn, A singular flexible cathode for room temperature sodium/sulfur battery, Journal of Power Sources 307 (2016) 31-37

277a.   E.J. Cairns, Y. Hwa 'Li-Ion Batteries and Beyond: Future Design Challenges', in Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry, edited by Timothy P. Hanusa. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK. (2015)  DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc2302. 

277.     Elton J. Cairns, Yoon Hwa "Li-Ion Batteries and Beyond: Future Design Challenges", in The Lightest Metals, edited by Timothy P. Hanusa. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK,pp. 315-333(2015)

276.     Qinggang He and Elton J. Cairns, Review—Recent Progress in Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Suitable for Alkaline Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (14) F1-F36 (2015)

275.     Heller, A., Cairns, E.J., A Conversation with Adam Heller, Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering , 6, 1 – 12 (2015), DOI 10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-061114-123148

274.     Min-Kyu Song, Yuegang Zhang, and Elton J. Cairns, Effect of Cell Construction Parameters on the Performance of Lithium/Sulfur Cells, AIChE Journal 61 (9), 2749-2756 (2015)

273.     Yoon Hwa,Juan Zhaoand Elton J. Cairns, Lithium Sulfide (Li2S)/Graphene Oxide Nanospheres with Conformal Carbon Coating as a High-Rate, Long-Life Cathode for Li/S Cells, Nano Letters, 15, 3479−3486 (2015); DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00820

272.     Zhan Lin, Caiyun Nan, Yifan Ye, Jinghua Guo, Junfa Zhu, Elton J. Cairns, High performance lithium/sulfur Cells with a bi-functionally Immobilized sulfur cathode, Nano Energy 9, 408416, (2014), DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.08.003

271.     Allison M. Engstrom, Eunhee Lim, Jeffrey A. Reimer, Elton J. Cairns, Anodic Oxidation of COads Derived from Methanol on Pt Electrocatalysts Linked to the Bonding Type and Adsorption Site, Electrochimica Acta 135, 249–254 (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2014.05.006

270.     Xuefei Feng, Min-Kyu Song, Wayne C. Stolte, David Gardenghi, Duo Zhang, Xuhui Sun, Junfa Zhu, Elton J. Cairns and Jinghua Guo, Understanding the degradation mechanism of rechargeable lithium/sulfur cells: a comprehensive study of the sulfur–graphene oxide cathode after discharge–charge cycling, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 16931-16940, DOI: 10.1039/c4cp01341g, 2014

269.     Caiyun Nan, Zhan Lin, Honggang Liao, Min-Kyu Song, Yadong Li, and Elton J. Cairns, Durable Carbon-Coated Li2S CoreShell Spheres for High Performance Lithium/Sulfur Cells, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 136, 4659−4663 (2014), dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja412943h

268.     Peng Guana, Guixin Wang, Chunhui Luo, Kangping Yan, Elton J. Cairns, Xueshan Hu, Comparisons of heat treatment on the electrochemical performance of different carbons for lithium-oxygen cells, Electrochim. Acta 129, 318–326 (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2014.02.079 

267.     Min-Kyu Song,Yuegang Zhangand Elton J. Cairns, A Long-Life, High-Rate Lithium/Sulfur Cell: A Multifaceted Approach to Enhancing Cell Performance, Nano Letters, dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl402793z, Nano Lett. 13 (12), 5891-5899 (2013)

266.     A. Sarkar, J. B. Kerr, and E. J. Cairns, Electrochemical Oxygen Reduction Behavior of Selectively Deposited Platinum Atoms on Gold Nanoparticles, ChemPhysChem, 14, 2132-2142 (2013), DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201200917

265.     Min-Kyu Song, Elton J. Cairns and Yuegang Zhang, Lithium/sulfur batteries with high specific energy: old challenges and new opportunities, Nanoscale, 2013, 5 (6), 2186 - 2204,  DOI: 10.1039/c2nr33044j

264.     Christopher M.A. Brett and Elton J. Cairns, editors, ELECTROCHEMICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY State of the Art and Future Perspectives on the occasion of the International Year of Chemistry (2011), Electrochimica Acta, Volume 84, Pages 1-250 (1 December 2012)

263.     Kunpeng Cai,Min-Kyu Song,Elton J. Cairns, and Yuegang Zhang, Nanostructured Li2SC Composites as Cathode Material for High-Energy Lithium/Sulfur Batteries, Nano Letters , 12 ( 12 ), 6474 – 6479, (2012);  dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl303965a

262.     Lei, J., Li, W., Li, X., Cairns, E.J., Nanoconic TiO2 hollow spheres: Novel buffers architectured for high-capacity anode materials, Journal of Materials Chemistry , 22 ( 41 ) pp. 22022 – 22027 (2012) DOI:10.1039/c2jm34332k

261.     A. Sarkar, X. Zhu, H. Nakanishi, J. B. Kerr and E. J. Cairns, Investigation into Electrochemical Oxygen Reduction on Platinum in Tetraethylammonium Hydroxide and Effect of  Addition of Imidazole and 1,2,4-Triazole, J. Electrochem. Soc., 159 (10), F628-F634 (2012). doi: 10.1149/2.037210jes

260. Liwen Ji, Huolin L.Xin, Tevye R.Kuykendall, Shao-Ling Wu, Haimei Zheng, Mumin Rao, Elton J. Cairns, Vincent Battaglia and Yuegang Zhang, SnS2 nanoparticle loaded graphene nanocomposites for superior energy storage, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.14, 6981-6986 (2012) DOI:10.1039/c2cp40790f

259. Mumin Rao, Weishan Li, and Elton J. Cairns, Porous carbon-sulfur composite cathode for lithium/sulfur cells, Electrochemical Communications17, 1-5 (2012)

258. Mumin Rao and Elton J. Cairns, Carbon nanofiber-sulfur composite cathode materials with different binders for secondary Li/S cells, Electrochimica Acta 65 (2012) 228-233; doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2012.01.051

257. Mumin Rao, Xiangyun Song and Elton J. Cairns, Nano-carbon/sulfur composite cathode materials with carbon nanofiber as electrical conductor for the advanced secondary lithium batteries, Journal of Power Sources 205 (2012) 474-478

256. Liwen Ji, Mumin Rao, Haimei Zheng, Elton J. Cairns, and Yuegang Zhang, Graphene Oxide as a Sulfur Immobilizer in High Performance Lithium/Sulfur Cells, JACS 133 (2011) 18522; doi.org/10.1021/ja206955k (2011)

255. Liwen Ji, Mumin Rao, Shaul Aloni, Lei Wang, Elton J. Cairns, and Yuegang Zhang, Porous Carbon Nanofiber-Sulfur Composite Electrodes for Lithium/Sulfur Cells, Energy Environ. Sci., 4 (2011) 5053-5059; DOI:10.1039/c1ee02256c (2011)

254. Bongok Park, Elton J. Cairns, Electrochemical performance of TiO2 and NiO as fuel cell electrode additives, Electrochemistry Communications13, 75-77 (2011)

253. C. Rumble, T. E. Conry, Marca Doeff, Elton J. Cairns, James E. Penner-Hahn, and Aniruddha Deb, Structural and Electrochemical Investigation of Li(Ni0.4Co0.15Al0.05Mn0.4)O2 Cathode Material, J. Electrochem. Soc.157, A1317-A1322 (2010)

252. Artur Braun, Hongxin Wang, Tobias Funk, Soenke Seifert, and Elton J. Cairns, Depth profile analysis of a cycled lithium ion LiMn2O4 battery electrode via the valence state of Mn with soft x-ray emission spectroscopy, Journal of Power Sources195, 7644-48 (2010)

251. Elton J. Cairns and Paul Albertus, Batteries for Electric and Hybrid-Electric Vehicles, Annu. Rev. Chem. Biomol. Eng. 1, 299-320, 2010

250. Cairns E.J., "Lithium-Organic Sulfur", in: Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources, Vol 5. Juergen Garche, Chris Dyer, Patrick Moseley, Zempachi Ogumi, David Rand and Bruno Scrosati, editors, Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2009. pp. 384-383.

249. Cairns E.J., "Nickel-Zinc", in: Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources, Vol 4. Juergen Garche, Chris Dyer, Patrick Moseley, Zempachi Ogumi, David Rand and Bruno Scrosati, editors, Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2009. pp. 528-533.

248. Patrick McGrath, Aurora Marie Fojas, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "Electro-oxidation Kinetics of Adsorbed CO on Platinum Electrocatalysts", Chemical Engineering Science, 64, 4765 (2009)

247. J.-H. Shin, P. Basak, J.B. Kerr and E.J. Cairns, "Rechargeable Li/LiFePO4 Cells Using N-Methyl-N-butyl pyrrolidinium Bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide-LiTFSI Electrolyte Incorporating Polymer Additives", Electrochimica Acta 54, 410-414 (2008)

246. Patrick McGrath, Aurora Marie Fojas, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "Site-dependent 13C chemical shifts of CO adsorbed on Pt electrocatalysts", J. Phys. Chem.C, 112, 14702-14705. (2008)

245. Joon-Ho Shin and Elton J. Cairns, N-methyl-N-butylpyrrolidinium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide-LiTFSI-Tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether Mixture as a Lithium Cell Electrolyte, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 155, A368-A373 (2008)

244. Joon-Ho Shin and Elton J. Cairns, N-methyl-N-butylpyrrolidinium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide-LiTFSI-Polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether Mixture as a Li/S Cell Electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources 177, 537-545 (2008)

243. J.T. Son and E.J. Cairns, Structure and electrochemical characterization of LiNi0.3Co0.3Mn0.3Fe0.1O2 cathode material for lithium secondary battery, Jong-Tae Son and E. J. Cairns, Korean J. Chem. Eng.,24(5), 888-891 (2007)

242. S. L. Wilcke, Y-J Lee, E. J. Cairns, and J. A. Reimer, Covalency Measurements via NMR in Lithium Metal Phosphates, Applied Magnetic Resonance, 32, 547-563 (2007)

241. Patrick McGrath, Aurora Marie Fojas, Benjamin Rush, Jeffrey A. Reimer, Elton J. Cairns, Characterizing electrocatalytic surfaces: Electrochemical and NMR studies of methanol and carbon monoxide on Pt/C, Electrochim. Acta 53, 1365-1371 (2007)

240. Artur Braun, Hongxin Wan, Joongpyo Shim, Steven S. Lee, and Elton J. Cairns, Lithium K(1s) synchrotron NEXAFS spectra of lithium-ion battery cathode, anode and electrolyte materials, Journal of Power Sources 170, 173-178 (2007)

239. Aniruddha Deb and Elton J. Cairns, XAS studies of LiCoO2 coated LiNi0.35Co0.25Mn0.4O2Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 154 , A534-A541 (2007) Also published in April 23, 2007 issue of Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology, http://www.vjnano.org

238. Kentaro Nakahara, Jiro Iriyama, Shigeyuki Iwasa, Masahiro Suguro, Masaharu Satoh, and Elton J. Cairns, High-Rate Capable Organic Radical Cathodes for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries, Submitted to Journal of Power Sources 165, 870-873 (2007)

237. J.T. Son and E.J. Cairns, Characterization of LiCoO2 Coated Li1.05Ni0.35Co0.25Mn0.4O2 Cathode Material for Lithium Secondary Cells, Journal of Power Sources. 166, 343 (2007)

236. Kentaro Nakahara, Jiro Iriyama, Shigeyuki Iwasa, Masahiro Suguro, Masaharu Satoh, Elton J. Cairns, Cell properties for modified PTMA cathodes of organic radical batteries, Journal of Power Sources 165, 398 (2007)

235. Kentaro Nakahara, Shigeyuki Iwasa, Jiro Iriyama, Yukiko Morioka, Masahiro Suguro, Masaharu Satoh, and Elton J. Cairns, "Electrochemical and spectroscopic measurements for stable nitroxyl radicals", Electrochimica Acta 52, 921-927 (2006)

234. Kentaro Nakahara, Jiro Iriyama, Shigeyuki Iwasa, Masahiro Suguro, Masaharu Satoh, Elton J. Cairns, Al-laminated film packaged organic radical battery for high-power applications, Journal of Power Sources 163, 1110-1113 (2007)

233. Aniruddha Deb and Elton J. Cairns, "In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy-A probe of cathode materials for Li-ion cells" Fluid Phase Equilibria 241, 4-19 (2006)

232. Kenneth W. Lux and Elton J. Cairns, "Lanthanide-Platinum Intermetallic Compounds as Anode Electrocatalysts for Direct Ethanol PEM Fuel Cells II. Performance of LnPt2 (Ln = Ce, Pr) Nanopowders in an Operating PEM Fuel Cell", Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 153, 6, A1139-A1147 (2006)

231. Kenneth W. Lux and Elton J. Cairns, "Lanthanide-Platinum Intermetallic Compounds as Anode Electrocatalysts for Direct Ethanol PEM Fuel Cells I. Synthesis and Characterization of LnPt2 (Ln = Ce, Pr) Nanopowders", Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 153, 6, A1132-A1138 (2006)

230. Aniruddha Deb, Uwe Bergmann, James M. Ralph, and Elton J. Cairns, "Combined temperature-dependent XANES and EXAFS studies of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3 and La0.7Sr0.2FeO3-d" Physical Review B 73 115114 (2006)

229. Aniruddha Deb. Uwe Bergmann, Stephen P. Cramer, and Elton J. Cairns, "Local structure of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 cathode material probed by in-situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy" J. Appl Phys, 99, 063701 (2006)

228. J.T. Son and E.J. Cairns "Preparation and Characterization of Li1.05Ni0.35Co0.25Mn0.4O2 As a New Cathode Material for Lithium Cells" Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 9, 1, A27-A30 (2006).

227. Sam L. Wilcke, Elton J. Cairns, Jeffrey A. Reimer "An effective stochastic excitation strategy for finding elusive NMR signals from solids" Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 29, 199-203 (2006)

226. Marie Kerlau, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "Investigation of Particle Isolation in Li-ion Battery Electrodes by using 7Li NMR Spectroscopy" Electrochemistry Communications7, 1249-1251 (2005)

225. Aniruddha Deb, Uwe Bergmann, S. P. Cramer, Elton J. Cairns "Structural Investigations of LiFePO4 electrodes and in-situ Studies by Fe X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy", Electrochimica Acta 50, 5200-5207 (2005)

224. Marie Kerlau, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "Layered Nickel Oxide-Based Cathodes for Lithium Cells: Analysis of Performance Loss Mechanisms" JECS, 152, A1629 (2005)

223. Aniruddha Deb, Uwe Bergmann, Stephen P. Cramer, and Elton J. Cairns "In situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Study of the Li[Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3]O2 Cathode Material", J. Appl. Phys., 97, 113523 (2005)

222. H. S. Ryu, H. J. Ahn, K.W. Kim, J. H. Ahn, J.Y. Lee, E.J. Cairns, "The self-discharge of lithium/sulfur cells using stainless steel current collectors", Journal of Power Sources 140, 365-369 (2005)

221. O. Haas1, A. Deb2, E.J. Cairns2, A. Wokaun1, "Synchrotron X-ray Absorption Study of LiFePO4 Electrodes", J. Electrochem Soc. 152, A191 (2005)

220. Committee on Soldier Power/Energy Sources (E.J. Cairns, co-author) "Meeting the Energy Needs of Future Warriors. Board on Army Science and Technology", Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, 136 pp. National Academies Press, Wash. DC, 2004. ISBN 0-309-092620

219. Aniruddha Deb, Uwe Bergmann, Elton J. Cairns and S. P. Cramer, "X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of the LixFePO4 cathode during cycling using a novel electrochemical in-situ reaction cell", J. Synch. Rad., 11, 1-8 (2004)

218. Aniruddha Deb, Uwe Bergmann, Marca M. Doeff, Elton J. Cairns, and Stephen P. Cramer "Structural Investigations of LiFePO4 Electrodes by Fe X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy", J. Phys Chem B, 108(22); 7046-7051. (2004).

217. Seung-Wan Song, Ronald P. Reade, Elton J. Cairns, Jack T. Vaughey, Michael M. Thackeray and Kathryn A. Striebel "Cu2Sb Thin Film Electrodes Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition" J. Electrochem. Soc., 151, A1012-A1019 (2004)

216. K. A. Striebel, J. Shim, E. J. Cairns, R. Kostecki, Y.-J. Lee, J. Reimer, T. J. Richardson, P. N. Ross, X. Song, and G. V. Zhuang, "Diagnostic Analysis of Electrodes from High-Power Lithium-Ion Cells Cycled under Different Conditions", J. Electrochem. Soc. 151, A857 (2004)

215. Elton J. Cairns, "Batteries Overview" in Encyclopedia of Energy, Cutler J. Cleveland, ed., Elsevier, Oxford, 2004.

214. G.A. Roberts, E.J. Cairns, J.A. Reimer, and K.J. Gross, " The Mechanism of Lithium Insertion into Magnesium Silicide", J. Electrochem. Soc., 151, A493 (2004)

213. Tom A. Eriksson, Young Joo Lee, Joel Hollingsworth, Jeffrey A. Reimer, Elton J. Cairns, Xiao-feng Zhang, and Marca M. Doeff, "Influence of Substitution on the Structure and Electrochemistry of Layered Manganese Oxides", Chem. Mat., 15 (23); 4456-4463 (2003)

212. Marca M. Doeff, Joel Hollingsworth, Joongpyo Shim, Young Joo Lee, Kathryn Striebel, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "Sulfur-Doped Aluminum-Substituted Manganese Oxide Spinels for Lithium-Ion Battery Applications" J Electrochem. Soc.,150, A1060 (2003).

211. Gerd Sandstede, Elton J. Cairns, Vladimir S. Bagotsky and Klaus Wiesener, "General scientific background before and during the beginning of fuel cell research" in Handbook of Fuel Cells - Fundamentals, Technology and Applications Volume 1, Part 4, pp 143-219, Edited by Wolf Vielstich Arnold Lamm and Hubert A. Gasteiger, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, 2003

210. Seung-Wan Song, Kathryn A. Striebel, Xiangyun Song and Elton J. Cairns "Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Mg2Si Thin Film Electrodes", J. Power Sources (IMLB-11) 119-121, 110 (2003)

209. G. A. Roberts, E. J. Cairns, and J. A. Reimer "An Electrochemical and XRD Study of Lithium Insertion into Mechanically Alloyed Magnesium Stannide" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 150, A912 (2003)

208. A. Braun, S. Shrout, A. C. Fowlks, B. A. Osaisai, S. Seifert, E. Granlund and E. J. Cairns, "Electrochemical in-situ reaction cell for X-ray scattering, diffraction and spectroscopy". J. Synchrotron Rad. 10, 320-325, (2003).

207. E. J. Cairns "Aqueous carbonate electrolyte fuel cells" in Handbook of Fuel Cells - Fundamentals, Technology and Applications Volume 1, Part 4, pp 301-304, Edited by Wolf Vielstich Arnold Lamm and Hubert A. Gasteiger, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, 2003

206. Seung-Wan Song, Kathryn A. Striebel, Ronald P. Reade, Gregory A. Roberts, and Elton J. Cairns, "Electrochemical Studies of Nanocrystalline Mg2Si Thin Film Electrodes Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition", J. Electrochem. Soc., 150, A121 (2003)

205. A. Braun, U. Bergmann, Wang, Gu, S.P. Cramer, M.C. Tucker, and E.J. Cairns, "Origin of chemical shift of manganese in lithium battery electrode materials - A comparison of hard and soft - x-ray techniques" Journal of Power Sources 112, 231-235 (2003)

204. Kyoo-Seung Han, Seung-Wan Song, Hirofumi Fujita, and Masahiro Yoshimura, Elton J. Cairns, and Soon-Ho Chang, "Direct Electroplating of Lithium Cobalt Oxide Film on Platinum Substrate in 100°-200°C Aqueous Solution" J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 85 [10] 2444-48 (2002).

203. M.C. Tucker, L. Kroeck, J.A. Reimer, and E.J. Cairns, "The Influence of Covalence on Capacity Retention in Metal-Substituted Spinels: 7Li NMR, SQUID, and Electrochemical Studies", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 149, A1409 (2002)

202. G. A. Roberts, E. J. Cairns, and J. A. Reimer, "Magnesium Silicide as a negative Electrode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries", J Power Sources, 110, (2), 424-429, (2002).

201. Joongpyo Shim, Kathryn A. Striebel, and Elton J. Cairns, "The Lithium/Sulfur Rechargeable Cell: Effects of Electrode Composition and Solvent on Cell Performance", J. Electrochem. Soc., 149, A1321 (2002)

200. Michael C. Tucker, Jeffrey A. Reimer, Elton J. Cairns, S. Choi and A. Manthiram, "7Li NMR Studies of Chemically-Delithiated Li1-xCoO2", J. Phys Chem. B, 106, 3842 (2002)

199. M. C. Tucker, M. M. Doeff, T. J. Richardson, R. Fiñones, E. J. Cairns, and J. A. Reimer, "Hyperfine Fields at the Li Site in LiFePO4-Type Olivine Materials for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries: A 7Li MAS NMR and SQUID Study" Journal of the American Chemical Society, 124, 3832 (2002).

198. M. C. Tucker, J. A. Reimer, E. J. Cairns, "A 7Li NMR Study of Capacity Fade in Metal-Substituted Lithium Manganese Oxide Spinels", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 149,A574 (2002).

197. Michael C. Tucker, Marca M. Doeff, Thomas J. Richardson, Rita Fiñones, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "7Li and 31P MAS NMR of LiFePO4-Type Materials", Electrochem. Soc. Letters, 5, A95 (2002)

196. K.A. Striebel, E. Sakai, and E.J. Cairns, "Impedance Studies of the Thin Film LiMn2O4 / Electrolyte Interface", J. Electrochem Soc., 149, A61 (2002)

195. Joongpyo Shim, Chang-Rae Lee, Hong-Ki Lee, Ju-Seong Lee and Elton J. Cairns"Electrochemical characteristics of Pt-WO3/C and Pt-TiO2/C electrocatalysis in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell", J. Power Sources, 102, 172 (2001)

194. Michael C. Tucker, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "A 7Li NMR Study of Metal-Substituted Lithium Manganese Oxide Spinels", J. Electrochem Soc., 148, A951 (2001)

193. X. Zhang, P. N. Ross, Jr., R. Kostecki, F. Kong, S. Sloop, J. B. Kerr, K. Striebel, E. Cairns, F. McLarnon, "Diagnostic Characterization of High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries for Use in Hybrid Electric Vehicles", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 148, A463 (2001)

192. A. Braun, S. Seifert, P. Thiyagarajan, S.P. Cramer, E.J. Cairns, "In-situ anomalous small angle X-ray scattering and absorption on an operating rechargeable lithium ion battery" Electrochemistry Communications, 3, 136 (2001)

191. Benjamin M. Rush, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Voltammetry Studies of Carbon Monoxide Adsorption and Oxidation on a Carbon-Supported Platinum Fuel Cell Electrocatalyst", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 148, A137 (2001)

190. Craig R. Horne, Uwe Bergmann, Melissa M. Grush, Rupert C. C. Perera, David L. Ederer, Thomas A. Calcott, Elton J. Cairns, and Stephen P. Cramer, "Electronic Structure of Chemically-Prepared LixMn2O4 Determined by Mn X-ray Absorption and Emission Spectroscopies", J. Phys Chem B., 104, 9587-9596 (2000).

189. Michael C. Tucker, Jeffrey A. Reimer, and Elton J. Cairns, "A 7Li NMR Study of Lithium Insertion into Lithium Manganese Oxide Spinel", Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 3, (10) 463-466, 2000.

188. D. Marmorstein, T.H. Yu, K.A. Striebel, F.R. McLarnon, J. Hou, and E. J. Cairns, "Electrochemical Performance of Lithium/Sulfur Cells with Three Different Polymer Electrolytes", J. Power Sources, 89, 219 (2000).

187. M. M. Grush, C.R. Horne, R.C.C. Perera, D. L. Ederer, S.P. Cramer, E. J. Cairns, and T.A. Talcott, "Correlating Electronic Structure with Cycling Performance of Substituted LiMn2O4 Electrode Materials - A Study Using the Techniques of Soft X-ray Absorption and Emission, Chem. Mat., 12, 659 (2000).

186. Ederio D. Bidoia, Frank R. McLarnon, and Elton J. Cairns, "Investigation of Anion Adsorption on Platinum Electrodes in Aqueous Media by Probe Beam Deflection", J. Electroanal. Chem., 482, 75 (2000)

185. C.R. Horne, U. Bergmann, J. Kim, K.A. Striebel, A. Manthiram, S.P. Cramer, and E.J. Cairns, "Structural Investigations of Li1.5+xNa0.5MnO2.85I0.12 Electrodes by Mn X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 147(2000) 395-398, LBNL-42811

184. K. A. Striebel, A. Rougier, C. R. Horne, R. P. Reade, and E. J. Cairns, "Electrochemical Studies of Substituted Spinel Thin Films", J. Electrochem. Soc., 146, 4339 (1999).

183. Otto Haas and Elton J. Cairns, "Electrochemical Energy Storage", Annual Reports C , Roy. Soc. of Chem.,95, 163 (1999).

182. Becky Gee, Craig R. Horne, Elton J. Cairns, and Jeffrey A Reimer, "Supertransferred Hyperfine Fields at 7Li: Variable Temperature 7Li NMR Studies of LiMn2O4-Based Spinels", J. Phys. Chem. B, 102, 10142 (1998).

181. T. C. Adler, F. R. McLarnon, and E. J. Cairns, "Investigations of a New Family of Alkaline-Fluoride-Carbonate Electrolytes for Zinc/Nickel Oxide Cells", Ind. Eng. Chem., 37, 3237-3241 (1998).

180. A. Rougier, K.A. Striebel, S.J. Wen, T.J. Richardson, R.P. Reade, and E.J. Cairns, "Characterization of Pulsed Laser Deposited LiMn2O4 Thin Films for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries", Applied Surface Science, 134, 107-115 (1998).

179. A. Rougier, K.A. Striebel, S.J. Wen, and E.J. Cairns, "Cyclic Voltammetry of Pulsed Laser Deposited LixMn2O4 Thin Films", J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 2975 (1998).

178. C-K Lee, K. Striebel, F. McLarnon, and E. J. Cairns, "Thermal Treatment of La0.6Ca0.4CoO3 Perovskite Oxides for Bifunctional Air Electrodes", J. Electrochem. Soc, 144, 3801, (1997).

177. M. L. Perry, J. Newman, and E. J. Cairns, "Mass Transport in Gas-Diffusion Electrodes: A Diagnostic Tool for Fuel-Cell Cathodes" J. Electrochem. Soc.,145,5 (1998).

176. E.J Cairns, C. R. Horne, B. J. R. Weiss, M. M. Grush, and S. P. Cramer, "X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopic Investigations of LixMn2O4", Proc. 2nd Internat. Symp. on New Mat'ls for Fuel Cells and Modern Battery Systems, 1997.

175. K. A. Striebel, S. J. Wen, D. I. Ghantous, and E. J. Cairns, "Novel Nanodisperse Composite Cathode for Rechargeable Lithium/Polymer Batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc., 144, 1680 (1997).

174. E. J. Cairns, "Overview of the Current Status and Problems for Rechargeable Batteries", Progress in Batteries & Battery Materials, 16, 237, (1997).

173. T. J. Richardson, S. J. Wen, K. A. Striebel, P. N. Ross, Jr., and E. J. Cairns "FTIR Spectroscopy of Metal Oxide Insertion Materials: Analysis of LixMn2O4 Spinel Electrodes",Materials Research Bulletin, 32, 609 (1997).

172. M.S. Yahnke, B.M. Rush, J.A. Reimer, and E.J. Cairns, "Quantitative Solid-State NMR Spectra of CO Adsorbed from Aqueous Solution onto Commercial Electrode Materials" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 12250 (1996).

171. S.J. Wen, T.J. Richardson, D.J. Ghantous, K.A. Striebel, P.N. Ross and E.J. Cairns, "FTIR Characterization of PEO/LiN(CF3SO2)2 Electrolytes", J. Electroanalytical Chemistry and Interfacial Phenomena 408, 113-118 (1996).

170. K.A. Striebel, C.Z. Deng, S.J. Wen and E.J. Cairns, "Oxygen Reduction and Evolution on Perovskite Thin Films Made with Pulsed Laser Deposition", proceedings of the Symposium on Oxygen Electrochemistry, Electrochemical Society Meeting, Vol. 95-26, p. 112, (1995).

169. K.A. Striebel, C.Z. Deng, S.J. Wen and E.J. Cairns, "Electrochemical Behavior of LiMn2O4 and LiCoO2 Thin Films Produced with Pulsed Laser Deposition", J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, No. 6, pp. 1821-1827, (1996).

168. S.J. Wen, T.J Richardson, L. Ma, K.A. Striebel, P.N. Ross, E.J. Cairns, "FTIR Spectroscopy of Metal Oxide Insertion Electrodes: Capacity Fading in Secondary Li/LiMn2O4 Cells", J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, No. 5, pp. L136-L138, (1996).

167. Z. Deng, J.D. Spear, J.D. Rudnicki, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns "Infrared Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy: A New Probe for the Investigation of Electrochemical Interfaces", J. Electrochem. Soc.143, No. 5, pp. 1514-1521, (1996).

166. W. Taucher, T.C. Adler, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Development of Lightweight Nickel Electrodes for Zinc/Nickel Oxide Cells", Journal of Power Sources, 58, 93-97, (1996).

165. P.L. Ridgway, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Sodium/Phosphorus-Sulfur Cells II. Phase Equilibria", J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 412-417, (1996).

164. P.L. Ridgway, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Sodium/Phosphorus-Sulfur Cells I. Cell Performance", J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 406-412, (1996).

163. K.A. Striebel, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Steady-State Model for an Oxygen Fuel Cell Electrode with an Aqueous Carbonate Electrolyte", Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 34(10), 3632-9, (1995).

162. G.M. Brisard, J.D. Rudnicki, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Application of Probe Beam Deflection to Study the Electrooxidation of Copper in Alkaline Media", Electrochimica Acta, 40, No. 7, 859-865, (1995)

161. T.C. Adler, R.F. Plivelich, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Zinc Electrodes", Proceedings of the Symposium on The Science of Advanced BatteriesThe Electrochem. Soc., D.A. Scherson, ed., 100-106, (1995).

160. B.R. Rauhe, jr., F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Direct Anodic Oxidation of Methanol on Supported Platinum/Ruthenium Catalyst in Aqueous Cesium Carbonate", J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, No. 4, pp. 1073-1084, April 1995.

159. J. Jorné, T.C. Adler, E.J. Cairns, "Visual Observations of Early Shape Changes in a Zinc/Nickel Oxide Cell", J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, No. 3, 771-774, March 1995.

158. R.F. Plivelich, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Degradation Mechanisms of Nickel Oxide Electrodes in Zinc/Nickel Oxide Cells with Low-Zinc-Solubility Electrolytes", J. Applied Electrochemistry. 25. 433-440 (1994).

157. H.A. Gasteiger, N. Markovic, P.N. Ross, Jr., E.J. Cairns, "Electro-Oxidation of Small Organic Molecules on Well-Characterized Pt-Ru Alloys", Electrochimica Acta, Special Issue, 39, No. 11/12, pp. 1825-1832, (1994).

156. H.A. Gasteiger, N. Markovic, P.N. Ross, Jr., E.J. Cairns, "Temperature-Dependent Methanol Electro-Oxidation on Well-Characterized Pt-Ru Alloys", J. Electrochem. Soc., 141, No. 7, 1795-1803, (1994).

155. K. Kinoshita, E.J. Cairns, "Fuel Cells", Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 11, 1098-1121, June 1994.

154. J.D. Rudnicki, G.M. Brisard, H.A. Gasteiger, R.E. Russo, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, "Effect of the Supporting Electrolyte and Beam Diameter on Probe Beam Deflection Experiments", J. Electroanalytical Chemistry, 362, 55-69, (1993).

153. K.A. Striebel, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Laboratory-Scale Evaluation of Secondary Alkaline Zinc Batteries for Electric Vehicles", J. Power Sources, 47, 1-11, 1994.

152. A.A. Dorda, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "The Effect of Zinc Ions on the Platinum Electrode in Alkaline Solutions", J. Electroanalytical Chemistry, 364, 71-77, (1994).

151. H.A. Gasteiger, N. Markovic, P.N. Ross, Jr., and E.J. Cairns, "CO Electrooxidation on Well-Characterized Pt-Ru Alloys" J. Physical Chemistry, 98, No.2, pp 617-625, 1994.

150. H.A. Gasteiger, N. Markovic, P.N. Ross, Jr., and E.J. Cairns, "Methanol Electrooxidation on Well-Characterized Pt-Ru Alloys" J. Physical Chemistry, 97, 12020, 1993.

149. H.A. Gasteiger, P.N. Ross, Jr., and E.J. Cairns, "LEIS and AES on Sputtered and Annealed Polycrystalline Pt-Ru Bulk Alloys" Surface Science, 293, pp. 67-80, 1993.

148. F.R. McLarnon, P.M. Lessner, J. Winnick, and E.J. Cairns, "The Dependence of Aqueous Sulfur-polysulfide Redox Potential on Electrolyte Composition and Temperature" J. Electrochem. Soc., 140, 1847, (1993).

147. F.R. McLarnon, T.C. Adler, and E.J. Cairns, "Low-Zinc-Solubility Electrolyte for Use in Zinc/Nickel Oxide Cells", J. Electrochem Soc, 140, 289, (1992).

146. E.J. Cairns, K. Kinoshita, F.R. McLarnon, and J.D. Rudnicki, "Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopic Studies of Electrochemical Oxidation", Proceedings of the Workshop on Direct Methanol-Air Fuel Cells of The Electrochemical Society, , Vol. 92-14, pp. 1-9, (1992).

145. J.-S. Chen, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Investigation of Low-Zinc-Solubility Electrodes and Electrolytes in Zinc/Silver Oxide Cells", J. Power Sources, 39, 333 (1992).

144. E.J. Cairns, "A New Mandate for Energy Conversion: Zero Emission (Electric) Vehicles", 1992 IEEE Proceedings of the 35th International Power Sources Symposium, pp. 310-313, (1992).

143. T.C. Adler, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Zinc Electrode Development", Proceedings of the Annual Automotive Technology Development Contractors' Coordination Meeting, 1991, P-256, pp. 125-134.

142. F.R. McLarnon, K. Kinoshita, and E.J. Cairns, "Exploratory Technology Research Program Overview", Proceedings of the Annual Automotive Technology Development Contractors' Coordination Meeting, 1991, P-256, pp. 105-111.

141. P.M. Lessner, F.R. McLarnon, J. Winnick, and E.J. Cairns, "Aqueous Polysulfide Flow-Through Electrodes: Effects of Electrocatalyst and Electrolyte Composition on Performance", J. Applied Electrochem. 22, 927 (1992).

140. R. Jain, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Development of Long-Lived, High-Performance Zinc-Calcium/Nickel Oxide Cells", J. Applied Electrochem. 22, 1039 (1992).

139. J.K. Weaver, F.R. McLarnon and E.J. Cairns, "Experimental and Theoretical Study of Concentration Distributions in a Model Pore Electrode. Part II: Mathematical Models and Comparison to Experiment.", J. Electrochem Soc., 138, 2579 (1991)

138. J.K. Weaver, F.R. McLarnon and E.J. Cairns, "Experimental and Theoretical Study of Concentration Distributions in a Model Pore Electrode. Part I: Measurement of Two-Dimensional Concentration Gradients in a Zinc Model Pore.", J. Electrochem Soc. 138, 2572 (1991).

137. J.D. Rudnicki, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "In Situ Characterization of Electrode Processes by Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy," Techniques for Characterization of Electrodes and Electrochemical Processes, R. Varma and J.R. Selman, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1990.

136. O. Haas, J. Rudnicki, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Mechanistic Investigations of Redox Polymer-Coated Electrodes Using Probe-Beam Deflection and Cyclic Voltammetry", J. Chem Soc. Faraday Transaction, 87, (7), 939-945 (1991)

135. F.R. McLarnon and E. Cairns, "The Secondary Alkaline Zinc Electrode", J. Electrochem Soc. 138, 645 (1991)

134. M.J. Isaacson, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Zinc Electrode Rest Potentials in Concentrated KOH-K2Zn (OH)4 Electrolytes", J. Electrochem Soc. 137, 2361 (1990)

133. K.A. Striebel, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Fuel Cell Cathode Studies in Aqueous K2C03 and KOH", J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 3360 (1990)

132. K.A. Striebel, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Oxygen Reduction on Pt. in Aqueous K2C03 and KOH", J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 3351 (1990)

131. M.J. Isaacson, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Current Density and ZnO Precipitation-Dissolution Distributions in Zn-ZnO Porous Electrodes and their Effect on Material Redistribution: A Two-Dimensional Mathematical Model," J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 2014 (1990).

130. F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, and M.I. Ismail, "Introduction," in Electrochemical Reactors: Their Science and Technology, M.I. Ismail, ed., Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., Amsterdam, pp. 1-8, 1989.

129. F.R. McLarnon and E.J. Cairns, "Energy Storage," Ann. Rev. Energy 14, 241 (1989).

128. F.R. McLarnon and E.J. Cairns, "Estimation of Power-Energy Plots for Secondary Batteries," in Proceedings of the 33rd International Power Sources Symposium, The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ, p. 410 (1988).

127. P. Lessner, J. Winnick, and E.J. Cairns, comment on "Kinetics of Aqueous Polysulfide Solutions", Parts I and II. Further response to Licht's Comments in the J. Electrochem.Soc., 135, 3176(1988).

126. J. Winnick, P.M. Lessner, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Solution Processess in Photoelectrochemical Cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, (20), 1985 (1988).

125. P. Lessner, F.R. McLarnon, J. Winnick, and E.J. Cairns, "The Aqueous Sulfide/Polysulfide Redox Potential," in Proc. of the Symposium on Modeling and Simulation of Electrolytic Solution Processes, D-T. Chin and P.N. Pintauro, eds., The Electrochemical Society, Inc., Pennington, NJ, 1988, pp. 91-98.

124. K. Kinoshita, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, Fuel Cells: A Handbook, Morgantown Energy Technology Center, Morgantown, WV, DOE/METC-88/6096, May 1988; LBL PUB-644, September 1988.

123. J.C. Dobson, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "The Corrosion of Some Metals in Sulfur-Polysulfide Melts," Corrosion Science, 28, 953 (1988).

122. M.H. Katz, T.C. Adler, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "The Effect of Pulse Charging on the Cycle-Life Performance of Zn/Ni Oxide Cells," J. Power Sources22, 77 (1988).

121. R.E. Russo, F.R. McLarnon, J.D. Spear, and E.J. Cairns, "Probe Beam Deflection for In Situ Measurements of Concentration and Spectroscopic Behavior during Copper Oxidation and Reduction," J. Electrochem. Soc., 134, 2783 (1987).

120. P. Lessner, F.R. McLarnon, J. Winnick, and E.J. Cairns, "Kinetics of Aqueous Polysulfide Solutions: III. Investigation of Homogeneous and Electrode Kinetics by the Rotating Disk Method," J. Electrochem. Soc., 134, 2669 (1987).

119. T.C. Adler, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Improvements to the Cycle-Life Performance of the Zn/KOH/NiOOH Cell," Proc. 22nd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., AIAA, New York, NY 1987, pp. 1097-1101.

118. P.N. Ross, E.J. Cairns, K. Striebel, F.R. McLarnon, and P.C. Andricacos, "The Reaction Order for Oxygen Reduction in TFMSA On Pt," Electrochimica Acta, 32, 355 (1987).

117. R.C. Alkire, A.J. Bard, E.J. Cairns, D.D. Cubicciotti, L.R. Faulkner, A. Heller, N. Jarrett, R. Latanision, D. D. Macdonald, W.H. Smyrl, C.W. Tobias, and E.B. Yeager, "New Horizons in Electrochemical Science and Technology," Report of the Committee on Electrochemical Aspects of Energy Conservation and Production, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Research Council, National Materials Advisory Board Report NMAB 438-1, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1986.

116. M.L. Smith, J. Winnick, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Stability of a Vitreous Electrolyte for Possible Use in High-Temperature Lithium/Sulfur Cells," Proc. of The International Workshop on High-Temperature Molten Salt Batteries, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL ANL-86-40, April, 1986, pp. B153-B161.

115. P. Lessner, J. Winnick, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Kinetics of Aqueous Polysulfide Solutions: II. Electrochemical Measurement of the Rates of Coupled Electrochemical and Chemical Reactions by the Potential Step Method." J. Electrochem. Soc., 133, 2517 (1986).

114. P. Lessner, J. Winnick, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Kinetics of Aqueous Polysulfide Solutions: I. Theory of Coupled Electrochemical and Chemical Reactions, Response to a Potential Step," J. Electrochem. Soc., 133, 2510 (1986).

113. J.C. Dobson, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Voltammetry of Sodium Polysulfides at Metal Electrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 133, 2069 (1986).

112. J.C. Dobson, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Voltammetry of Lithium Polysulfides at Metal Electrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 133, 1549 (1986).

111. J.C. Dobson, E.J. Cairns, and F.R. McLarnon, "Voltammetry of Sodium Polysulfides at Metal Electrodes," Proc. of the Fifth International Symposium on Molten Salts, 86-1, M-L. Saboungi, D.S. Newman, K. Johnson, and D. Inman, eds., The Electrochemical Society, Inc., Pennington, New Jersey, 1986, pp. 167-188.

110. F.R. McLarnon and E.J. Cairns, "Status of DOE-Sponsored Research on Advanced Secondary Batteries," New Materials & New Processes, 3, 394 (1985).

109. K.A. Striebel, P.C. Andricacos, E.J. Cairns, P.N. Ross, and F.R. McLarnon, "Oxygen Reduction in Tetrafluoroethane-1,2-Disulfonic Acid," J. Electrochem. Soc., 132, 2381 (1985).

108. J.T. Nichols, F.R. McLarnon, and E.J. Cairns, "Zinc Electrode Cycle-Life Performance in Alkaline Electrolytes Having Reduced Zinc Species Solubility," Chem. Eng. Commun., 37, 355 (1985).

107. E.J. Cairns and R.R. Witherspoon, "Fuel Cells, Primary Batteries and Electric Cells," Kirk-Othmer Concise Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, A Wiley-Interscience Publication, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1985, pp. 151-152.

106. E.J. Cairns, "Electrochemical Energy Storage," The Encyclopedia of Physics, 3rd edition, R.M. Besanc, on, ed., Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, NY, 1985, pp. 396-400.

105. E.J. Cairns, "High-Temperature Lithium Batteries," Lithium Battery Technology, H.V. Venkatasetty, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY, 1984, pp. 179-204.

104. E.J. Cairns, G. Mamantov, R.P. Tischer, and D.R. Vissers, "The Chemistry and Status of Rechargeable Molten-Salt Batteries," Proc. of the Fourth International Symposium on Molten Salts, 84-2, M. Blander, D.S. Newman, G. Mamantov, M-L. Saboungi, and K. Johnson, eds., The Electrochemical Society, Inc., Pennington, NJ, 1984, pp. 284-312.

103. E.J. Cairns, "Electrochemical Storage of Energy," Lagring av elektrisk energi (Proc. of the Symposium on Storage of Electrical Energy), IVA Report 261, The Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, 1984, pp. 85-137.

102. M.H. Katz, J.T. Nichols, F.R. McLarnon, E.J. Cairns, and J.E. Katz, "Computer-Controlled Multiple-Channel System for Electrochemical Experiments," J. Power Sources, 10, 149-165 (1983).

101. E.J. Cairns, "High Specific Energy Secondary Batteries and Their Applications," Proc. of Electro/83, 21/4, Electronic Conventions, Inc., El Segundo, CA, 1983, pp. 1-14.

100. D.L. Douglas, E.J. Cairns, R.A. Huggins, R.F. McAlevy, L.J. Money, H.G. Pfeiffer, and R. Smelt, "A Comparison of Alternative Energy Storage Systems for Automobiles," A Report by the Committee on Advanced Energy Storage Systems, National Research Council, Energy Engineering Board, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1982.

99. C.W. Tobias, E.J. Cairns, A. Heller, R.A. Huggins, and E.B. Yeager, "Assessment of Research Needs for Advanced Battery Systems," Report of The Committee on Battery Materials Technology, National Research Council, National Materials Advisory Board Report NMAB-390, 1982.

98. E.J. Cairns, "Perspective of Thermally Regenerative Electrochemical Systems," Proc. of the Thermally Regenerative Electrochemical Systems Workshop, H.L. Chum, ed., Solar Energy Research Institute, SERI Report CP-234-1577, 1982.

97. E.J. Cairns, "Future Trends in Advanced Batteries for Automobile Propulsion," Electrochemistry In Industry: New Directions, U. Landau, E. Yeager, and D. Kortan, eds., Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, NY, 1982, pp. 377-380.

96. E.J. Cairns, "Batteries of the Future for Vehicle Applications," Electrochemistry In Industry: New Directions, U. Landau, E. Yeager, and D. Kortan, eds., Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, NY, 1982, pp. 131-152.

95. E.J. Cairns, "Batteries," Molten Salt Technology, D.G. Lovering, ed., Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, NY, 1982, pp. 287-321.

94. E.J. Cairns, "Electrochemical Energy Storage," Energy and Chemistry, R. Thompson, ed., The Royal Society of Chemistry, London, England, 1981, pp. 254-278.

93. E.J. Cairns, "Rechargeable Molten-Salt Cells," Proc. of the Third International Symposium on Molten Salts, G. Mamantov, M. Blander, and G.P. Smith, eds., The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ, 1981, pp. 138-157A.

92. E.J. Cairns, "Requirements of Battery Systems," Materials for Advanced Batteries, D.W. Murphy, J. Broadhead, and B.C.H. Steele, eds., Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, NY, 1980, pp. 3-27.

91. E.J. Cairns, "Secondary Batteries-New Batteries: High Temperature," Comprehensive Treatise of Electrochemistry, Vol. 3, J.O.M. Bockris, B.E. Conway, E. Yeager, and R.E. White, eds., Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, NY, 1981, pp. 341-470.

90. E.J. Cairns and E.H. Hietbrink, "Electrochemical Power for Transportation," Comprehensive Treatise of Electrochemistry, Vol. 3, J.O.M. Bockris, B.E. Conway, E. Yeager, and R.E. White, eds., Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, NY, 1981, pp. 421-504.

89. J.L. Hartman, E.J. Cairns, and E.H. Hietbrink, "Electric Vehicles Challenge Battery Technology," Proc. 5th Energy Technology Conf., Department of Energy, Washington, D.C., 1978, p. 387-402.

88. E.J. Cairns, R. Alkire, and T. Beck, "Report of the Study Group on Electrode Materials and Processes and Electrolytes," Materials Sciences Overview, ERDA Report 77-7612, August 1977.

87. E.J. Cairns and R.R. Witherspoon, "Batteries, Primary-Fuel Cells," Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1978.

86. J. McBreen and E.J. Cairns, "The Zinc Electrode," Advances in Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering, Vol. 10, C. W. Tobias and H. Gerischer, eds., John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1978.

85. R.A. Huggins, W.H. Flygare, E.J. Cairns, and C.W. Tobias, "Report of Meeting on Scientific Barriers in Battery Systems," Preliminary Reports, Memoranda, and Technical Notes of the Materials Research Council, Summer Conference, La Jolla, CA, Vol. I, p. 579, July 1973, Sponsored by Advanced Research Projects Agency.

84. E.J. Cairns and M.C. Yew, "Electric Vehicle Overview," Proc. 11th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., AIChE, New York, NY, 1976.

83. R.A. Sharma, R.A. Murie, and E.J. Cairns, "Compatibility of Aluminum Nitride in Environments Representative of High Temperature Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 1132 (1976).

82. E.J. Cairns, "Materials Problems in Rechargeable Batteries," Critical Materials Problems in Energy Production, Charles Stein, ed., Academic Press, New York, NY, 1976.

81. E.J. Cairns and J.S. Dunning, "High-Temperature Batteries," Proc. of the Symp. and Workshop on Advanced Battery Research and Design, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, ANL 76-8, March 1976.

80. J.W. Bjerklie, E.J. Cairns, C.W. Tobias, and D.G. Wilson, "An Evaluation of Alternate Power Sources for Low-Emission Automobiles," SAE Reprint 750929, October 1975.

79. E.J. Cairns and J. McBreen, "Batteries Power Urban Autos," Industrial Research, June 1975, p. 56.

78. E.J. Cairns and R.A. Murie, "Corrosion and Related Problems in High-Temperature Cells," Corrosion Problems in Energy Conversion and Generation, C. S. Tedmon, Jr., ed., The Electrochemical Society, Princeton, NJ, 1974, p. 3.

77. E.J. Cairns, "Physics Opportunities in Electrochemical Energy Conversion," Physics and the Energy Problem-1974, M. D. Fiske and W. W. Havens, Jr., eds., Amer. Inst. of Physics, New York, NY, 1974, p. 160.

76. L.R. McCreight, E.J. Cairns, W.B. Crandall, W.H. Hartt, and R.J. McGratten, "Materials for Wet Oxidation Processing Equipment (Shipboard)," National Research Council, National Materials Advisory Board Report NMAB-312, December 1973.

75. J. Bjerklie, E.J. Cairns, H.J. Korp, C. Tobias, D.G. Wilson, and C. Zener, "An Evaluation of Alternate Power Sources for Low-Emission Automobiles," National Academy of Sciences Committee on Motor Vehicle Emissions, NAS, Washington, D.C., April 1973.

74. E.J. Cairns and R.K. Steunenberg, "High-Temperature Batteries," Progress in High Temperature Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 5, C.A. Rouse, ed., Pergamon Press, New York, NY, 1973, p. 63.

73. E.C. Gay, R.K. Steunenberg, J.E. Battles, and E.J. Cairns, "The Development of Lithium/Sulfur Cells for Application to Electric Automobiles," Proc. 8th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., AIAA, New York, NY, 1973, p. 96.

72. E.J. Cairns, "Electric Powerplants and Fuel Cells," Automotive Engineering, 81 (7), 26 (1973).

71. P.T. Cunningham, E.J. Cairns, E.J. Hathaway, S.A. Johnson, and V.A. Maroni, "Phase Diagram of the Pseudoternary System Li2Se-Se-(LiBr-RbBr Eutectic)," J. Electrochem. Soc., 120, 591 (1973).

70. E.J. Cairns, G.H. Kucera, and P.T. Cunningham, "Thermodynamic Studies of the Lithium-Selenium System by an EMF Method," J. Electrochem. Soc., 120, 595 (1973).

69. P.T. Cunningham, S.A. Johnson, and E.J. Cairns, "Phase Equilibria in Lithium-Chalcogen Systems. III. Lithium-Tellurium," J. Electrochem. Soc., 120, 328 (1973).

68. E.J. Cairns, R.K. Steunenberg, and H. Shimotake, "High-Power Electrochemical Systems," From Electrocatalysis to Fuel Cells, G. Sandstede, ed., Univ. of Washington Press, Seattle, WA, 1972, p. 361.

67. E.J. Cairns, F.A. Cafasso, and V.A. Maroni, "A Review of the Chemical, Physical, and Thermal Properties of Lithium that are Related to Its Use in Fusion Reactors," The Chemistry of Fusion Technology, D. M. Gruen, ed., Plenum Press, New York, NY, 1972, p. 91.

66. P.T. Cunningham, S.A. Johnson, and E.J. Cairns, "Phase Equilibria in Lithium-Chalcogen Systems. II. Lithium-Sulfur," J. Electrochem. Soc., 119, 1448 (1972).

65. E.C. Gay, W.J. Walsh, J.D. Arntzen, and E.J. Cairns, "Secondary Cells Using Lithium Anodes and Sulfur-Selenium-Thallium Cathodes," Proc. 7th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, D.C., 1972, p. 54.

64. H. Shimotake, A.A. Chilenskas, R.K. Steunenberg, and E.J. Cairns, "The Development of Lithium/Selenium Secondary Cells and Batteries for Implantation," Proc. Energy 70, Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., Vol. 1, Amer. Nuclear Soc., Hinsdale, IL, 1972, p. 3-61.

63. R.K. Steunenberg, C. Trapp, R.M. Yonco, and E.J. Cairns, "Electrical Conductivity of Liquid Sulfur and Sulfur-Phosphorus Mixtures," Sulfur Research Trends, D.J. Miller and T.K. Wiewiorowski, eds., Adv. in Chem. Series No. 110, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, D.C., 1972, p. 190.

62. E.J. Cairns, R.K. Steunenberg, and H. Shimotake, "Cells, High Temperature," Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1971, p. 120.

61. P.T. Cunningham, S.A. Johnson, and E.J. Cairns, "Phase Equilibria in Lithium-Chalcogen Systems. I. Lithium-Selenium," J. Electrochem. Soc., 118, 1941 (1971).

60. E.J. Cairns, "Research and Development on a Lithium/Sulfur Battery," Technical Report of the Conference on How Pollution Power Systems Develop, NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society, Eindhoven, Feb., 1971, Air Pollution Technical Report No. 4, Environmental Protection Agency, Rockville, MD., 1971.

59. E.J. Cairns, "The Anodic Oxidation of Hydrocarbons and the Hydrocarbon Fuel Cell," Advances in Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering Vol. 8, C. W. Tobias, ed., Wiley-Interscience, New York, NY, 1971, p. 337 ff.

58. M.L. Kyle, H. Shimotake, R.K. Steunenberg, F.J. Martino, R. Rubischko, and E.J. Cairns, "Lithium/Sulfur Batteries for Electric Vehicle Propulsion," Proc. 1971 Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., Soc. Automotive Engrs., New York, NY, 1971, p. 80.

57. E.J. Cairns, "Remarks on 'Secondary Alkali Metal-Chalcogen Batteries in Urban Transportation,'" Power Sources, 3, D. H. Collins, ed., Oriel Press, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, 1971, p. 281.

56. V.A. Maroni, E.J. Hathaway, and E.J. Cairns, "Structural Studies of Magnesium Halide-Potassium Halide Melts by Raman Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem., 75, 155 (1971).

55. R. Sridhar, C.E. Johnson, and E.J. Cairns, "Phase Diagrams of the Systems LiI-KI and LiI-RbI," J. Chem. Eng. Data15, 246 (1970).

54. V.A. Maroni and E.J. Cairns, "Raman Spectra of Fused Carbonates," J. Chem. Phys., 52, 4915 (1970).

53. E.L. Simons, D.W. McKee, and E.J. Cairns, "The Performance of Direct Ammonia Fuel Cells," Proc. 3rd Internat. Symp. on Fuel Cells, June 16-20, 1969, Presses Academique Europeennes, Brussels, Belgium, 1969, p. 131.

52. H. Shimotake, M.L. Kyle, V.A. Maroni, and E.J. Cairns, "Lithium/Sulfur Cells and Their Potential for Vehicle Propulsion," Proc. of the First International Elec. Vehicle Symp., Nov. 5-7, 1969, Electric Vehicle Council, New York, NY, 1969.

51. V.A. Maroni, D.M. Gruen, R.L. McBeth, and E.J. Cairns, "Raman Spectrum and Vibrational Analysis for Gaseous Aluminum Chloride," Spectrochim. Acta, 26A, 418 (1970).

50. E.J. Cairns, H. Shimotake, and A.K. Fischer, "Lithium/Chalcogen Electrochemical Cells for Energy Storage," Argonne Revs, 5, 87 (No. 2, 1969).

49. E.J. Cairns and H. Shimotake, "Recent Advances in Fuel Cells and Their Application to New Hybrid Systems," Fuel Cell Systems - II, \f1 Advances in Chemistry Series No. 90, B.S. Baker, ed., Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, D.C., 1969, p. 392.

48. H. Shimotake and E.J. Cairns, "Lithium/Chalcogen Secondary Cells," Proc. of Advances in Battery Technology Symposium,1 Southern California-Nevada Section of The Electrochemical Society, Los Angeles, CA, Dec. 1968, p. 165.

47. H. Shimotake, A.K. Fischer, and E.J. Cairns, "Secondary Cells with Lithium Anodes and Paste Electrolytes," Proc. 4th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., AIChE, New York, NY, 1969, p. 538.

46. E.J. Cairns and H.A. Liebhafsky, "Increased Irreversibility Caused by Composition Changes in Fuel Cells," Energy Conversion, 9, 63 (1969).

45. E.J. Cairns and H. Shimotake, "High-Temperature Batteries," Science, 164, 1347 (1969).

44. V.A. Maroni and E.J. Cairns, "A Review of Raman Spectroscopy of Fused Salts and Studies of Some Halide-Containing Systems," in Molten Salts: Characterization and Analysis, G. Mamantov, ed., Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, 1969.

43. E.L. Simons, E.J. Cairns, and D.J. Surd, "The Performance of Direct Ammonia Fuel Cells." J. Electrochem. Soc., 116, 556 (1969).

42. H. Shimotake, G.L. Rogers, and E.J. Cairns, "Secondary Cells with Lithium Anodes and Immobilized Fused-Salt Electrolytes," Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. and Dev. Quart., 8, 51 (1969).

41. E.J. Cairns and J. Paynter, "Electrocatalysts for the Direct Electrochemical Oxidation of n-Octane in Fuel Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., 115,. 1218 (1968).

40. H.A. Liebhafsky and E.J. Cairns, Fuel Cells and Fuel Batteries, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1968.

39. H. Shimotake and E.J. Cairns, "A Lithium/Tin Cell with an Immobilized Fused-Salt Electrolyte: Cell Performance and Thermal Regeneration Analysis," Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf. 1968 Record, IEEE, New York, NY, 1968, p. 76.

38. E.J. Cairns, A.M. Breitenstein, and A.J. Scarpellino, "The Kinetics of Adsorption, Surface Reaction and Electrochemical Oxidation of Propane on Platinum in Hydrofluoric Acid," J. Electrochem. Soc., 115, 569 (1968).

37. H. Shimotake, G.L. Rogers, and E.J. Cairns, "Secondary Cells with Lithium Anodes and Immobilized Fused-Salt Electrolytes," Preprints of papers presented at San Francisco ACS Meeting, Div. of Fuel Chem., 12, (No. 2), 1 (1968).

36. E.J. Cairns, E.L. Simons, and A.D. Tevebaugh, "Ammonia-Oxygen Fuel Cell," Nature, 217, 780 (1968).

35. E.L. Simons and E.J. Cairns, "Effect of Hot Cesium Carbonate Solution on Fuel Cell Components," Materials Protection, 6 (No. 9), 51 (1967).

34. E.J. Cairns and H. Shimotake, "Recent Advances in Fuel Cells and Their Application to New Hybrid Systems," Preprints of Papers Presented at Chicago ACS Biennial Fuel Cell Symposium, 11, 321 (1967), (Division of Fuel Chemistry).

33. E.J. Cairns, B.S. Baker, and R.E. Biddick, "Critiques and Summaries of Papers Presented in the Electrochemical Devices Workshop of the 1967 Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., Proc. 1967 Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., ASME, New York, NY, 1967, Addendum volume, p. 7.

32. H. Shimotake and E.J. Cairns, "Bimetallic Galvanic Cells with Fused-Salt Electrolytes," Advances in Energy Conversion Engineering, Proc. 1967 Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., ASME, New York, NY, 1967, p. 951.

31. E.J. Cairns and E.J. McInerney, "High-Activity Platinum Electrocatalysts for the Direct Anodic Oxidation of Saturated Hydrocarbons," J. Electrochem. Soc., 114, 980 (1967).

30. E.J. Cairns and A.M. Breitenstein, "The Kinetics of Propane Adsorption on Platinum in Hydrofluoric Acid," J. Electrochem. Soc., 114, 764 (1967).

29. C.E. Johnson, S.E. Wood, and E.J. Cairns, "Reply to the Comments of Bredig," J. Chem. Phys., 46, 4168 (1967).

28. E.J. Cairns, "Anodic Oxidation and Molecular Structure: Influence on Performance of Normal Saturated Hydrocarbons in Fuel Cells," Science, 155, 1245 (1967)

27. E.J. Cairns and A.M. Breitenstein, "The Transport of Hydrogen to Cylindrical Anodes in Stirred Electrolytes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 114, 349 (1967).

26. E.J. Cairns, "Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells with Fluoride Electrolytes," J Electrochem. Soc., 113, 1200 (1966).

25. H.A. Liebhafsky and E.J. Cairns, "Hydrogen Overvoltage and Electrode Materials Comments," J. Chem. Phys., 45, 881 (1966).

24. E.J. Cairns, "Some Physicochemical Properties of Aqueous Fluoride- and Cesium-Containing Electrolytes," Electrochem. Tech., 5, 8 (1967).

23. E.J. Cairns, "High-Performance Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells with Fluoride Electrolytes, Nature, 210, 161 (1966).

22. E.J. Cairns and A.D. Tevebaugh, "Sensitive Voltage Measurement and Recording System," Rev. Sci. Instr., 36, 1726 (1965).

21. E.L. Simons, E.J. Cairns, and L.D. Sangermano, "The Purification and Preparation of Some Cesium Compounds," Talanta, 13, 199 (1966).

20. A.D. Tevebaugh and E.J. Cairns, "Carbon Deposition Boundaries in the CHO System at Several Pressures," J. Chem. Eng. Data, 10, 359 (1965).

19. E.J. Cairns, "Fluoride Electrolytes for Saturated Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells," Hydrocarbon Fuel Cell Technology, B. S. Baker, ed., Academic Press, N.Y., 1965

18. H.A. Liebhafsky, E.J. Cairns, W.T. Grubb, and L.W. Niedrach, "Current Density and Electrode Structure in Fuel Cells," Fuel Cell Systems, Advances in Chemistry Series No. 47, ACS, Washington, D.C., 1965.

17. E.L. Simons, E.J. Cairns, and L.D. Sangermano, "An Electrolysis Cell for the Laboratory Preparation of Aqueous Cesium Hydroxide Solution," Electrochem. Tech., 2, 355 (1964).

16. E.J. Cairns and D.C. Bartosik, "A Methanol Fuel Cell with an Invariant Alkaline Electrolyte," J. Electrochem. Soc., 111, 1205 (1964).

15. E.J. Cairns and A.D. Tevebaugh, "CHO Gas Phase Compositions in Equilibrium with Carbon, and Carbon Deposition Boundaries at One Atmosphere," J. Chem. Eng. Data, 9, 453 (1964).

14. A.D. Tevebaugh and E.J. Cairns, "The Triple-Point Temperature of Tellurium," J. Chem. Eng. Data, 9, 172 (1964).

13. E.J. Cairns and D.I. Macdonald, "Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells with Invariant Electrolytes," Electrochem. Tech., 2, 65 (1964).

12. H.A. Liebhafsky and E.J. Cairns, "The Hydrocarbon Fuel Cell," Chem. Engr. Progr., 59, (no. 10), 35 (1963).

11. E.J. Cairns, A.D. Tevebaugh, and G.J. Holm, "Thermodynamics of Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., 110, 1025 (1963).

10. H.A. Liebhafsky and E.J. Cairns, "Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells. Problems and Approaches," Fuel Cells, AIChE Symposium Series, September 1963.

9. H.A. Liebhafsky and E.J. Cairns, "Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells. A Survey," Proc. of the Pacific Energy Conversion Conf., AIEE, August 1962.

8. E.J. Cairns and D.I. Macdonald, "Sensitive Thermal Analysis Establishing Formation of the Incongruently Melting Compound LiNaCO3," Nature, 194, 441 (1962).

7. E.J. Cairns, D.L. Douglas, and L.W. Niedrach, "Performance of Fractional Watt Ion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells," AIChE Journal, 7, 551 (1961).

6. E.J. Cairns, "Build Your Own Working Model Ion-Exchange Fuel Cell," Science and Mechanics, December 1960, p. 106.

5. E.J. Cairns and J.M. Prausnitz, "Velocity Profiles in Packed and Fluidized Beds," Ind. Eng. Chem., 51, 1441 (1959).

4. E.J. Cairns and J.M. Prausnitz, "Macroscopic Mixing in Fluidization," AIChE Journal, 6, 554 (1960).

3. E.J. Cairns and J.M. Prausnitz, "Longitudinal Mixing in Fluidization," AIChE Journal, 6, 400 (1960).

2. E.J. Cairns and J.M. Prausnitz, "Longitudinal Mixing in Packed Beds," Chem. Eng. Sci., 12, 20 (1960).

1. E.J. Cairns and J.M. Prausnitz, "Kinetics of the Hydrolysis of Acetyl Chloride," J. Chem. Phys., 32, 169 (1960).