Sustainable Federal Operations

Sustainable Federal Operations (SFO)

The Sustainable Federal Operations (SFO) Group brings together expertise in technology, development, and deployment to support the public sector in achieving energy, environmental and sustainability goals. Projects include alternative financing, institutional change, program evaluation, and sustainable operations.

SFO helps stakeholders use alternative financing methods for energy efficiency improvements, and has assisted in the creation and implementation of federal energy efficiency third-party financing vehicles such as energy savings performance contracts (ESPC), utility energy service contracts (UESC), and power purchase agreements (PPA) for decades.

The SFO's institutional change work provides support through activities and resources such as frameworks, case studies, webinars, workshops and training, and hands-on technical assistance.

SFO helps with program evaluation through services such as preparation of requests for proposals, project management, technical support, contractor oversight, evaluation reports, development of workshop materials, and studies.

The group's sustainable operations work helps facilities incorporate sustainability factors into operations by providing technical assistance to develop contract language, procurement systems, and reporting requirements that can make sustainable acquisition standard operating practice.



Yaw Agyeman (510) 495-2574
Philip Coleman (610) 604-0170
Lauren Demates (510) 486-6108
Shankar Earni (510) 486-7126
Christopher Payne (510) 495-2577
Gerald Robinson (510) 486-5769
Charles Williams (510) 495-2892

Publications by Organization



Coleman, Philip. "Escalation Rates in Energy Savings Performance Contracts." Energy Engineering 112, no. 5 (2015). (1.02 MB)
Coleman, Philip. Guide to Promoting an Energy Efficient Public Sector (PePS). United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 2015. (2.14 MB)


Earni, Shankar. "Advanced Metering Implementations - A Perspective from Federal Sector." In 2014 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Pacific Grove, California, 2014. (1.57 MB)
Coleman, Philip, Shankar Earni, and Charles H. Williams. "Could what that ESCO sales rep said really be true? Savings realization rates in ESPC versus bid-to-spec projects." In 2014 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Pacific Grove, CA, 2014. (1.11 MB)
Payne, Christopher T., H.Y. Iris Cheung, and Emily Fisher. "Evolution of Energy Efficiency Programs Over Time: The Case of Standby Power." In 2014 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings., 2014. (1 MB)


Malone, Elizabeth L., Richard C. Diamond, Amy K. Wolfe, Tom Sanquist, Christopher T. Payne, and Jerry Dion. "Sustainable Behavior." Sustain: "Implementing Sustainability: The Behavioral-Institutional Dimension" Spring/Summer 2013, no. 28 (2013): 28-32. (9.61 MB)


K. Fujita, Sydny, and Margaret Taylor. Achieved and Potential Energy Savings through Energy Efficient Procurement. Berkeley: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2012. (509.84 KB)
Taylor, Margaret, and Sydny K. Fujita. The Path to Savings: Understanding the Federal Purchase of Energy-Consuming Products. Berkeley: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2012. (343.96 KB)
Payne, Christopher T.. "The Role of Business Systems in Achieving Market Transformation." In Procurement, Innovation and Green Growth: The story continues...., 2012. (3.49 MB)
Taylor, Margaret, and Sydny K. Fujita. "Who Buys What? Understanding Federal Procurement of Energy Efficient Products." In American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. Pacific Grove, CA: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2012. (144.97 KB)